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Bobby Stafford Acts 2:1-4  (Lesson 5)     

The Book of Acts

Chapter 2:1-4

Verse 1  Acts 2:1 “When the Day of Pentecost had fully come, they were all with one accord in one place.”  NKJV

Day of Pentecost:  Pentecost means “fiftieth” and denotes the Jewish festival that came fifty days after the Passover.  (Leviticus 23:15-17)  It was one of three major feasts of the Jews; the others being Passover and the Feast of Tabernacles.  Pentecost was also known as the Feast of Weeks, the Feast of Harvest because it celebrated the completion of the barley harvest, and also the day of first fruits because they offered the first fruits of the wheat harvest.  (Exodus 23:16, Exodus 34:22)  Pentecost came on Sunday, the first day of the week.  Jerusalem would have been filled with people from all over the world who were there to celebrate this special day.  They had no idea what was about to happen.  All the apostles were gathered in one place.  Note Acts 1:26.  “And they cast their lots, and the lot fell on Matthias.  And he was numbered with the eleven apostles.”  NKJV

Verse 2  Acts 2:2 “And suddenly there came a sound from heaven, as of a rushing mighty wind, and it filled the whole house where they were sitting.”  NKJV

An extremely loud noise suddenly is heard where they were assembled, possibly the apartments along the sides of the court of the Gentiles in the temple.  (Luke 24:52-53) “And they worshiped Him, and returned to Jerusalem with great joy, and were continually in the temple praising and blessing God. Amen.”  NKJV

Verse 3  Acts 2:3 “Then there appeared to them divided tongues, as of fire, and one sat upon each of them.”  NKJV

A visible phenomenon occurs, divided tongues as of fire sat upon each apostle. Side note:  When the Law of Moses was given by God to Israel, He got their attention by shaking the earth, with thunder and lightning, and pouring forth of smoke.  (Exodus 19:16-18)  When God begins to reveal the New Covenant, He gets their attention in a similar fashion. 

Verse 4  Acts 2:4 “And they were all filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance.”  NKJV

The apostles are “filled” with the Holy Spirit.  This is what the apostles were told to wait in Jerusalem for.  (Luke 24:49) “Behold, I send the Promise of My Father upon you; but tarry in the city of Jerusalem until you are endued with power from on high.”  (Acts 1:4-5) “And being assembled together with them, He commanded them not to depart from Jerusalem, but to wait for the Promise of the Father, which, He said, you have heard from Me; for John truly baptized with water, but you shall be baptized with the Holy Spirit not many days from now.”  NKJV  This happened to the apostles and no one else that day.  Read Acts 2:7.  “Then they were all amazed and marveled, saying to one another, ‘Look, are not all these who speak Galileans?”  NKJV  Some of the 120 would have been from Judea, people like Mary, Martha. . .  Also read Acts 2:13-15.  Only Peter and the eleven apostles were accused of being drunk.  This baptism or immersion caused the apostles to speak in other tongues. The context clearly reveals these were known languages, not so-called ecstatic utterances.  Read Acts 2:6-8.  They were called “other” tongues because they were given miraculously and not learned in the normal way.  See also I Corinthians 14:5, 10-11, 13, 27-28. “I wish you all spoke with tongues, but even more that you prophesied, for he who prophesies is greater that he who speaks with tongues, unless indeed he interprets, that the church may receive edification.  10There are, it may be, so many kinds of languages in the world, and none of them is without significance.  Therefore, if I do not know the meaning of the language, I shall be a foreigner to him who speaks, and he who speaks will be a foreigner to me. 13Therefore let him who speaks in a tongue pray that he may interpret.  27If anyone speaks in a tongue, let there be two or at most three, each in turn, and let one interpret.  But if there is no interpreter let him keep silent in church and let him speak to himself and to God.”  NKJV

Further comments

·  The baptism of the Holy Spirit is not the baptism of fire spoken by John in Matthew 3:11-12, “I indeed baptize you with water unto repentance, but He who is coming after me is mightier than I whose sandals I am not worthy to carry.  He will baptize you with the Holy Spirit and fire.” Matthew 13:40-42 “Therefore, as the tares are gathered and burned in the fire, so it will be at the end of this age.  The Son of Man will send me His angels, and they will gather out of His kingdom all things that offend, and those who practice lawlessness, and will cast them into the furnace of fire.  There will be wailing and gnashing of teeth.”  NKJV

·  The Baptism of the Holy Spirit is not for any today.  There is now only one baptism (Ephesians 4:5) “one Lord, one faith, one baptism;” – the water baptism of the Great Commission. (Matthew 28:19-20) “Go therefore and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, teaching them to observe all things that I have commanded you; and lo, I am with you always, even to the end of the age.  Amen.”  NKJV

Bobby Stafford  February 25, 2015

Acts:  Lesson 5  Acts 2:1-4

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