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 Timeline of the Life of the Apostle Paul

The Life of Paul 

Corresponding Historical Events

Year

 
 
Augustus adopts Tiberius and recognizes him as the successor 4
Paul is Born—an Israelite of the tribe of Benjamin—in Tarsus of Cilicia (Acts 22:3; Philipians 3:5)   5
Paul was a Roman citizen by birthright (Acts 22:28)  
  Judea becomes a Roman Imperial province 7
  Census of Caesar and Tiberius 14
 
 
Lyvia poisons Augustus; Tiberius comes into power
Paul studied at the school of Gamaliel in Jerusalem (Acts 22:3)  

15-20

  Pilate begins serving as procurator of Judea 26
  John the Baptist executed by Herod Antipas 28
  The Crucifixion of Christ 30
Probable time Paul became a Pharisee (Philipians 3:5) Execution of Sejanus, for conspiracy against Tiberius. Replaced by Gn. Naevius Sutorius Macro. 31
Paul present at Stephen's stoning (Acts 7:58; 8:1) Birth of the Emperor Otho in the city of Ferentium. 32
Paul was a persecutor of the church (Acts 8:1-3; Philipians 3:6)   33-34
Paul's Conversion on the Road to Damascus (Acts 9:1-9) Naevius Sutorius Macro is said to gain favour in the empire by prostituting his wife Eunius to Caligula. 34
Paul goes to Damascus (Acts 9:10-19)  
Paul travels to Arabia and remains there (Galatians 1:17)  
 Martyrdom of Stephen 35
Imprisonment of Herod Agrippa 36
  37
Returns to Damascus then exits the city for safety (Galatians 1:17; Acts 9:20-25; 2 Corinthians 11:32-33)
 
Death of Tiberius on the island of Capri. Caligula ascends to the throne.
Goes up to Jerusalem (Acts 9:26-29; Galatians 1:18) Birth of the Emperor Nero, in the town of Antium. 
Paul goes back to Tarsus for safety (Acts 9:30) Birth of the historian Flavius Josephus, in Jerusalem.
  38
Herod Antipas deposed by Caligula and exiled to Gaul 39
Birth of the Emperor Titus. 40
Caligula murdered 41

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Cladius declared emperor
Famine in Rome 42
Roman campaigns against Britain 43
Herod Agrippa 1 has James the son of Zebedee executed. (Acts 12:1-2) 44
Peter was Imprisoned by Herod Agrippa and was released by an angel (Acts 12:7-9).
Death of Herod Agrippa I
Claudius founds Savaria, today the Hungarian city of Szombathely. 45
  46
Barnabas travels to Tarsus in order to seek Saul (Acts 11:25) The client kingdom of Thrace is annexed into the empire as a province. 
Goes to Antioch with Barnabas teaching and many people (Acts 11:26)   47
Agabus prophesies a famine (Acts 11:27-28) The Roman general Domitius Corbulo defeats the Frisii.
Aid sent to Jerusalem through Barnabas and Saul (Acts 11:29, 30) Claudius celebrates the Secular Games, as Rome celebrates the 800th anniversary of the founding of the city.
Barnabas and Saul return with John Mark (Acts 12:25)  
Barnabas and Saul "separated" and sent out (Acts 13:2-3)  
They travel from Antioch to Seleucia, the to Cyprus (Acts 13:4)
Beginning of Paul's 1st Missionary Journey
 
The emperor Claudius invests Agrippa II with the office of superintendent of the Temple in Jerusalem. 48
While on Cyprus they go to Salamis and Paphos (Acts 13:5-12) After the execution of his wife Messalina, Claudius gets senatorial approval to marry his niece, Agrippina the Younger.
From Paphos they go to Perga of Pamphylia where John Mark departs for home (Acts 13:13)  
Ministry in Antioch of Pisidia (Acts 13:14-50) Vitellius is a Roman Consul.
At Iconium (Acts 13:51 - Acts 14:6-7)  
Flees to Lystra and Derbe, preaching the gospel (Acts 14:6-7)  
In Lystra Paul and Barnabas are mistaken for gods (Acts 14:8-18)  
Stoned at Lystra, supposed to be dead, but re-enters the city (Acts 14:19-20)  
Departs with Barnabas to Derbe, preaching the gospel (Acts 14:20-21)  
They return to Lystra, Iconium, and Antioch to strengthen disciples and appoint elders (Acts 14:21-24)  
From Pisidia they returned to Antioch of Syria and reported their journey to the church (Acts 14:24-28)
Conclusion of Paul's 1st Missionary Journey
 
Goes up to the Jerusalem Council with Barnabas (Acts 15:1-29; Galatians 2:1) Claudius expels Jews from Rome and blames it on Chrestus (a possible reference to Christ) 49
Paul and Barnabas return to Antioch of Syria, teaching and preaching (Acts 15:30-35; Galatians 2:11-14) Nero becomes engaged to Claudia Octavia, daughter of Claudius.
Contention over John Mark; Barnabas and John Mark sail to Cyprus (Acts 15:36-39) Emperor Claudius marries his niece Agrippina the Younger (approximate date).
Paul and Silas depart, going through Syria and Cilicia strengthening the churches (Acts 15:40-41)
Beginning of Paul's second Missionary Journey
 
Goes to Derbe and Lystra and picks up Timothy, strengthening the churches (Acts 16:1-5) The rise of the Zealots 50
They go to Troas and Paul sees a vision of a Macedonian man (Acts 16:6-10) Claudius adopts Nero as heir.
They sail from Troas to Neapolis (Acts 16:11)   51
To Philippi where Paul meets Lydia (Acts 16:12-15)  
Paul and Silas imprisoned after casting out a demon from a slave girl (Acts 16:16-25)  
Prison doors opened miraculously and the jailer saved (Acts 16:25-34)  
Departs from Philippi (Acts 16:35-40) Birth of the Emperor Domitian in Rome.
They passed through Amphipolis and Apollonia (Acts 17:1) Emperor Claudius and Titus Flavius Vespasianus are Roman Consuls.
At Thessalonica and preached Christ, but had to flee (Acts 17:1-10) Burrus, praetorian prefect (51–62 AD), is charged by Seneca with the education of Nero.
At Berea where he leaves Silas and Timothy (Acts 17:10-14)  
At Corinth and rejoined with Silas and Timothy (Acts 18:1-17)  
 
In Rome a law prohibits the execution of old and crippled slaves. 52
Paul returns to Antioch after stopping at Ephesus, Caeserea, and Jerusalem (Acts 18:18-22)
Conclusion of Paul's 2nd Missionary Journey
Claudius secures a senatorial decree that gives jurisdiction in financial cases to imperial procurators. This marks a significant strengthening of imperial powers at the expense of the Senate. 53
Travels through Galatia and Phrygia strengthening the disciples (Acts 18:23)
Beginning of Paul's 3rd Missionary Journey
 
Passes through the upper regions on his way to Ephesus (Acts 19:1) Nero marries Claudia Octavia.
Ministry in Ephesus (Acts 19:1-41)

Probable writing of 1 Corinthians

Claudius accepts Nero as his successor, to the detriment of Britannicus, his son by his first wife, Valeria Messalina.
Claudius poisoned by his wife.  Deification of Claudius. 54

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Nero becomes Emperor
Agrippina the Younger is expelled from the imperial palace by her son Nero.  Nero is also a Roman Consul. 55
Goes to Macedonia (Acts 20:1)
Probable writing of 2 Corinthians.
  56
Travels to Greece (Acts 20:2)
Probable writing of Romans & Galatians
 
Goes back to Macedonia (Acts 20:3)  
At Troas (Acts 20:4-12) War between Rome and Parthia breaks out due to the invasion of Armenia by Vologases I, who had replaced the Roman supported ruler with his brother Tiridates of Parthia.
Assos. Mitylene. Chios. Samos. Togyllium. (Acts 20:13-15)  
Paul exhorts the Ephesian elders at Miletus (Acts 20:15-38)  
Cos. Rhodes. Patara. Phoenicia. (Acts 21:1-2) Publius Clodius Thrasea Paetus becomes a consul in Rome.
At Tyre (Acts 21:3-6)  
At Ptolemais (Acts 21:7)  
At Caesarea (Acts 21:8-14)  
At Jerusalem (Acts 21:15-25)
Conclusion of Paul's 3rd Missionary Journey
Envoys from Cilicia come to Rome to accuse their late governor, Cossutianus Captio, of extortion; the Roman Senate is supported in the case by Publius Clodius Thrasea Paetus. 57
Paul gets arrested in the temple and causes a mob (Acts 21:26-36)  
Addresses the mob (Acts 21:37 - 22:21) Roman emperor Nero is also a Roman consul.
Paul's citizenship saves him from scourging (Acts 22:22-29)  
Before the Sanhedrin (Acts 22:30 - 23:10)  
Jesus tells Paul that he will bear witness of him in Rome (Acts 23:11) In Britain, Quintus Veranius Nepos becomes governor in place of Aulus Didius Gallus. He begins a campaign against the Silures of south Wales.
The plot against Paul's life (Acts 23:12-22)  
Sent safely to Felix the governor (Acts 23:23-35)  
Paul before Felix (Acts 24:1-27)  
Paul before Festus (Acts 25:1-12)   59
Paul's appeal honored - turning point towards Rome (Acts 25:12)
Paul begins his journey to Rome
 
Paul before Agrippa (Acts 25:13 - 26:32)  
Paul departs for Rome and sails to Myra (Acts 27:1-5)  
They sail to Fair Havens on Crete (Acts 27:6-8) Publius Clodius Thrasea Paetus retires from the Roman Senate.
In spite of Paul's warning, they set sail again (Acts 27:9-12)  
In the midst of a terrible storm they get shipwrecked on the island of Malta (Acts 27:13 - 28:1) Gnaeus Domitius Corbulo, Roman commander in the east, captures Tigranocerta in Mesopotamia. He installed Tigranes VI, a Cappadocian prince, as ruler of Armenia.
At Malta (Acts 28:2-10)  
Sails to Syracuse (Acts 28:11, 12) Emperor Nero ordered the murder of his mother Agrippina the Younger. He tries to kill her through a planned shipwreck, but when Agrippina survived Nero has her executed and frames it as a suicide.
Sails to Rhegium then Puteoli (Acts 28:13)  
Paul arrives in Rome (Acts 28:14-16)
Paul Imprisoned in Rome
Herod Agrippa II rules the northeast of Judea. 60
Meets with the Jews (Acts 28:17-28) Romans build the first London Bridge.
Preaches the gospel without hindrance for two whole years in his rented house (Acts 28:30-31).

Probably writing of Philemon, Colossians, Ephesians, Philippians

 
According to Tradition Mark is executed after having introduced Christianity in Egypt. 61
 
Nero divorces his wife Octavia and marries his mistress Poppaea Sabina. 62
Paul released from Roman imprisonment A violent storm destroys 200 ships in the port of Portus.  A great earthquake damages cities in Campania, including Pompeii.
Further missionary work

Probably writing of 1 Timothy & Titus

Pompeii the city at the foot of Mount Vesuvius, is heavily damaged by a strong earthquake. Fearing an eruption of the volcano, many of the 20,000 inhabitants leave their homes in a panicked flight. 63
The Great Fire of Rome speculated to have been started by Nero to make room for his palace. Christians Persecuted as scapegoats. Nero begins construction of the domus aurea (the Golden House). 64
Josephus pleads the interests of the Jews before Rome
Nero constructs the Domus Aurea
Death of Nero's wife, Poppaea, whom he kicked to death after an argument. 65
Paul's second imprisonment in Rome

Probable writing of 2 Timothy

The beginning of the Jewish Revolt against Rome 66
Probable date of Paul's execution in Rome under Nero. The future Emperor Vespasian is sent to Judaea to put down a Jewish revolt.  Josephus surrenders to the Romans. 67
  Probable date of Peter's execution in Rome under Nero. 68
  Nero commits suicide
 
 
Vespian prevails as the Emporer amidst civil war 69
  Destruction of the temple in Jerusalem under Titus 70
 

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